Cervical osteochondrosis is an extremely common disease: in 95% of people, different degrees are diagnosed. Its most unpleasant symptom is constant neck pain, which can be accompanied by decreased performance, fatigue, and a feeling of weakness. How to treat osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, the article will tell.
Devices for drug therapy and fixation
In the acute period, patients are advised to remain at rest and to limit the mobility of the affected spinal segment as much as possible. The Shants collar is used for this: it allows immobilization. The duration of use of the device is determined by the attending physician: it is on average from 10 to 20 days.
Among drugs, funds from the following groups are often used:
- non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs;
- myotropic antispasmodics;
Another important aspect of cervical osteochondrosis treatment is physiotherapy. They help normalize blood circulation and reduce the severity of discomfort. Most often used for this purpose:
- electrophoresis with antispasmodics;
- massage therapy;
- UHF therapy;
- laser therapy.
Therapeutic gymnastics and other influences
Therapeutic exercises are extremely effective in the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis. There are many different complexes that last from 20 to 40 minutes. Exercising daily will reduce pain and strengthen muscles, so don't skip physical therapy sessions. Patients with cervical osteochondrosis will also benefit from swimming and water aerobics.
In 2020, scientists from the University of Medicine published a study on the effect of water aerobics on the condition of patients with cervical osteochondrosis. Within 6 months, 20 patients from the experimental group were engaged in water aerobics in the pool, and patients from the control group - physical therapy in the gym.
Already after 2 months, patients of the first group noticed a decrease in the severity of neck pain, episodes of dizziness and insomnia. By the end of the 6th month, most of the patients decided to continue attending aqua aerobics, as their well-being improved significantly.
If, according to the examination, a patient has significant compression of the spinal cord, the question of surgical intervention is considered. It consists in removing the herniated disc and performing decompression of the spinal canal.
Minimally invasive interventions are currently preferred (microdiscectomy, laser disc reconstruction, replacement of the affected disc with various implants). Such techniques ensure minimal tissue damage and also shorten the rehabilitation period. In just a couple of months, the patient can return to normal life and gradually increase physical activity.